STEP 1: Preparation of Disaster Impact Assessments

A major component of disaster impact assessments is loss and damage databases that track impacts of hazards over time. This usually covers parameters such as deaths, economic losses, physical damages and losses in the agricultural sector, its sub-sectors and value chain.

Numerous loss and damage databases have been developed over the last several decades which systematically collect and maintain data at global, regional, national and sub-national levels. Hence, it is important to select the most suitable sources, and methodologies, that suits the respective needs. For example, developing guidelines for disaster impact assessments will ensure consistency in reporting in the country and up-to-date monitoring.

Tools[7] and Guiding Questions


Guiding Questions



How to conduct impact analysis?


Guidelines


FAO (2015): The impact of disasters on agriculture and food security


http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5128e.pdf


CARE/Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London (2015): Guidelines for rapid environmental impact assessment in disasters


http://www.livestock-emergency.net/userfiles/file/assessment-review/Benfield-Hazard-Research-Centre-CARE-2005.pdf


International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA), S. Sangalang for IAIA (2015): Framework for natural disaster impact assessment: Indicators of resilience, risk, and vulnerability in victims of Typhoon Haiyan


http://conferences.iaia.org/2015/Final-Papers/Sangalang,%20Stephanie%20-%20Framework%20for%20natural%20disaster%20impact%20assessment.pdf


Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience (2002): Disaster Loss Assessment Guidelines


https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/17436788?q&versionId=20447483


Guiding Questions



Are standardized formats, methodologies and reporting templates for the impact analysis available?

Are those formats and methodologies in line with international standards? If so, which standards are used?


Global database


Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) by GEO members[8]: Single access ‘meta’ platform that links GEOSS resources across multiple areas, e.g. food security, sustainable agriculture, disaster resilience


http://www.earthobservations.org/geoss.php


Guiding Questions



Which databases are most suitable for the selected purpose in a given country?


Global database


UNDP Global Risk Identification Programme (GRIP) (2013): A Comparative Review of Country-Level and Regional Disaster Loss and Damage Databases


http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/librarypage/crisis-prevention-and-recovery/loss-and-damage-database.html


Network


International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIS)

www.iaia.org

IAIS conference information (2015)

http://conferences.iaia.org/2015/final_papers.php

[7]

Several questions mentioned under risk analysis can be used in addition for the impact analysis and are not repeated. Further description of the tools is provided in the annexes.


[8]

EU and other > 100 nations, 95 international organizations.