STEP 2: Stocktaking and Performance Analysis of Current DRM Mechanisms

For policy and strategy decisions, the government (ministry of agriculture) needs to map identified risks and the selected DRM mechanisms to manage these risks. To maximize the value of the analysis, the entire agricultural sector and its value chain need assessing. The different actors, such as the government and the agricultural private sector, can apply the same analytical steps.

  • Preventive measures used: Mapping and analysing actions applied to reduce the likelihood of weather risk or to reduce the severity of losses and avoid adverse impacts of extreme weather events.
  • Measures to address residual risks used: Mapping and analysing actions that retain risks combined with the adoption of a financing strategy. Both measures ensure that funds are available that will lessen or limit the adverse impacts.
  • Preparedness measures used: Mapping and analysing capacities in place for effective response and recovery at all levels.
  • Response and resilient recovery measures in place: Mapping and analysing ex post actions that will help the affected stakeholders to cope with the loss

(Examples are given in

Guiding Questions and Tools

Guiding Questions

Which DRM mechanisms are used by the government (segregated by population groups e.g. farmers, SME entrepreneurs along the agricultural value chain)?

How to determine the agricultural ‘value chain’ and apply DRM analysis?


USAID (2012) toolkit: Pathways out of Poverty − Tools for Value Chain Development Practitioners, for value chain selection and value chain analysis throughout the project cycle

FAO Tool for designing, monitoring and evaluating land administration programmes, contains e.g. various fact sheets and tools for Fiscal, Financial and Economic Analysis (FFEA) including cost-benefit analysis (CBA)

Semi-structured interviews with government officials, agricultural business associations, and entrepreneurs, producers and civil society organizations (e.g. farmer associations), especially on social and institutional dimensions.

Guiding Questions

How effective, affordable, feasible, applicable, sustainable and scalable are the applied DRM mechanisms for the government?

Global databases

Climada open-source tool for assessing the economics of climate adaptation by UNISDR Prevention and


GIZ tool Climate Expert for private sector entrepreneurs using results of the cost-benefit analysis and focus group discussions (can be used for the agricultural value chain)

EU tool KULTURisk evaluates social and economic benefits of different risk prevention initiatives
(including early warning systems, insurance)

World Bank (2016): Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment − Methodological Guidance for Practitioners. Agriculture Global Practice Discussion Paper 10

GERICS-CSC (2013): Statistical methods for the analysis of simulated and observed climate data − Applied in projects and institutions dealing with climate change impact and adaptation