STEP 4: Exploring DRM solutions

Exploring the most suitable DRM measures on strategic actions, objectives and institutional implications should be based on the previous steps. The measures should be an integral part of the agricultural sector’s development strategy across all stakeholders. This is especially important for insurance solutions as they are most successful when complementing other DRM mechanisms.

In line with the criteria applied for the DRM performance analysis, the following decision filter can be used for selecting the DRM mechanisms with the largest scope of use, and the largest potential to respond to the selected weather-related events (World Bank, 2016). If agricultural producers and/or SMEs undergo this process, their options would be limited in scope. Nevertheless, using the most appropriate combination of DRM mechanisms complemented by policy action by the government strengthens their resilience.

Guiding Questions and Tools

Guiding Questions

What are the most suitable DRM solutions that complement each other towards a consistent, comprehensive DRM strategy (according to the DRM performance analysis criteria)?

Global databases

World Bank − GRDRR’s Open Data for Resilience Initiative (OpenDRI) platform, includes > 1,000 risk datasets and tools for reducing vulnerability and strengthening resilience. An additional field guide instructs how to manage and use open risk data

World Bank/GFDRR Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP): Central hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world (can also be used for the agricultural value chain)

CADRI (Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative): Global partnership of 14 UN and non-UN organizations: Tool for strengthening countries’ capacities to prevent, manage and recover from the impact of disasters

Global databases

World Bank Assessment and Design for Adaptation to climate change (ADAPT): Software-based approach integrating climate databases for risk assessment at the planning and design stage with an emphasis on agriculture, irrigation and bio-diversity

EU Copernicus Climate Services: Climate analysis and projections for deciding on mitigation strategies in various sectors (including agriculture and insurance); and; and; and


OECD (2012): Disaster Risk Assessment and Risk Financing − A G20/OECD Methodological Framework

FAO (2007): Climate variability and change: adaptation to drought in Bangladesh − A resource book and training guide (at community level)

World Bank (2016): Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment − Methodological Guidance for Practitioners. Agriculture Global Practice Discussion Paper 10

World Bank (2015): Agricultural Risk Management in the Face of Climate Change. Discussion Paper 09

World Bank (2017): Gender and Agricultural Risk − A Gendered Approach to Agricultural Risk Assessments and Management Strategies

Adaptation Wizard a UK Climate Impacts Programme: 5-step process to assess vulnerability to climate change and identify options to address climate risks

FAO (2016): Gender-responsive approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR) planning in the agricultural sector