STEP 1: Implementing APA Activities −
Stockpiling and Storage Facilities
Identifying and implementing preparedness measures are based on impact and DRM analysis as well as the MPA gaps analysis. The government, jointly with the assistance of civil society organizations and private actors, organizes all activities needed for establishing a comprehensive and effective preparedness strategy. Out of the many activities, only stockpiling and the required storage facilities are described below as they are particularly important for the population and could be insured. The activities are:
- Stockpiling of equipment and supplies that include emergency storage facilities of necessary relief materials and food for affected population (e.g. fodder for livestock).
- Enhancing the resilience of storage facilities and (evacuation) centres as they themselves can be affected by extreme weather events. The same applies to critical infrastructures such as electricity, water supply or transportation. The role of private businesses and Private-Public Partnerships is crucial when establishing resilient infrastructure, storage facilities and buildings according to building back better standards.
- Insuring basic relief material and storage facilities could equip the government with the funds for replacing damaged emergency supplies and contribute to applying the concept of building back better for the emergency centres and storage facilities. It further reduces the costs of food aid after the extreme weather event.
Box 16: Example of Emergency Food Security Reserve of Ethiopia
The emergency food security reserve of Ethiopia is an example that attempts to pre-position food stocks in remote and vulnerable areas. Food reserve systems should be complemented with local purchase when local production is high and local markets are threatened.
Tools and Guiding Questions
Are the applied preparedness activities sufficient for effective response programmes?
Are storage and evacuation facilities identified and known by all actors including community members?
Local government/municipality mapping of evacuation centres and storage facilities.
Semi-structured interviews with local government officials, individual producers and communities, members of business associations and cooperatives, and civil society organizations.
Are the storage and evacuation facilities resilient to extreme weather events?
Which building standards were applied?
Would insurance be a useful mechanism for rebuilding damaged storage facilities/evacuation centres and quick restocking of relief supply?