STEP 4 Developing Standard Implementation Procedures within the BBB Concept
Standardizing certain implementation procedures and rapid procurement systems before an extreme weather event enables the ‘lead agency’ and line ministries to quickly start the recovery process:
- Standardize project approval processes: Existing project approval and reporting procedures may need to be simplified to meet the time constraints during recovery, which are often delayed due to lengthy bureaucratic procedures.
- Developing or adjusting fast-track procurement systems that simplify agreed tender and purchasing processes to rapidly provide goods and services to the areas in which they are needed, but do not compromise transparency and equitable processes.
- Establishing resilient recovery and reconstruction standards: Guiding principles need to be translated into practical standards confirming that recovery projects incorporate resilience against future extreme weather events, for instance:
- Pro-poor recovery: Governments should take advantage of recovery plans for including national poverty alleviation and long-term development objectives, which would strengthen the local economy. This would move from emergency humanitarian relief to long-term sustainable development.
- Build back better: Ensuring compliance with reconstruction standards during the implementation phase is key to resilient recovery. Standards must be defined well ahead of actual implementation, during prevention and preparedness phases. The broad BBB concept aims at strengthening a community’s resilience in terms of the physical, social, environmental and economic conditions (see BBB core measures in Annex 6).
Box 21: FAO Strategy of BBB in the Agricultural and Fishing Sectors
Coastal Agriculture: The restoration of sustainable agricultural activities is dependent on the rehabilitation of damaged agricultural areas and infrastructure, e.g. reclamation of salt-affected soils, appropriate land-use planning, and the adjustment of cropping systems. Agriculture and home gardening are major activities along coastal zones but cannot be isolated from other activities, including fisheries, forestry and tourism, and must be integrated into multi-sector approaches balancing increased productivity and resource preservation.
Forest and Agricultural Business: Rehabilitation of mangrove forests is to be planned within the context of integrated coastal area management. Otherwise, it could have negative effects on the local people (e.g. dislocation, restricted access to coastlines by fishers, the occupation of farmland). Planting coastal shelterbelts, replanting timber and fruit trees, and restoring small timber-milling facilities would serve to protect inland assets and improve household economies.
Fisheries: Damaged fishing vessels must be repaired according to minimum specifications of seaworthiness. Fishery-related ecosystems, such as coral reefs and seagrass beds, should be protected through zoning (e.g. restricted-use and non-use). Fishing gear and practices must be compatible with responsible fisheries and sustainable use of resources through marine-culture such as fish pens/cages and seaweed culture.
General Recovery: The huge demand for wood for reconstruction may result in over-logging of forests. For example, indications are that illegal logging is on the rise in Aceh Province, where the estimated volume of wood needed for reconstruction is eight times the amount of wood harvested legally each year.
Tools and Guiding Questions
Is there suitable legislation and written institutional mandate for post-disaster land-use and physical planning?
Are there standard operational and implementation procedures (SOPs), including (rapid) procurement, in place within the ‘build back better’ concept that includes reconstruction standards?
UNISDR (2017): Build Back Better – in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction
Office of the UN Secretary General (2006): Key Propositions for Building Back Better
How would land-use/physical planning and the BBB concept affect insurance (e.g. lower premiums)?
With the insurance industry and the respective government officials/line ministries.